Preventing and Treating Tobacco, Alcohol, Illegal Drug Use, and Related Problems
ORI’s work in this area dates from research funding obtained in the late 1970’s to study tobacco use in young people. Since then, research interests have broadened to include research on the prevention of alcohol and other drug use among youth. Two important ORI longitudinal studies – one on peer and family influences on youth drug use, and the other on young children’s knowledge of and intent to use alcohol and drugs -- have provided valuable guidance in the development of substance abuse prevention programs.
Treating Substance Abuse and Related Problems
Researchers at ORI's Centers for Family and Adolescent Research (CFAR) in Portland, Oregon and in Albuquerque, New Mexico are studying the effectiveness of different treatment approaches for teens diagnosed with alcohol or other substance abuse disorders. The programs range from group or individual based cognitive behavior therapy to family-based interventions. By demonstrating the effectiveness of particular family and cognitive behavioral interventions, ORI's research findings contribute to the development and widespread use of effective treatments for adolescent substance use and abuse.
- Fidelity, Assessment and Clinical Effectiveness Tracking (FACET) System: Making EBT's Feasible and Sustainable
- Group Community Reinforcement Training for Parents of Treatment-Elusive Youth
- Building Outcomes with Observation Based Supervision: An FFT Effectiveness Trial
- Family Therapy via Video Teleconference for Substance-Abusing Rural Adolescents
- Family and Adolescent Motivational Incentives for Leveraging Youth
- Functional Family Therapy for Adolescent Substance Abuse in Chile
- Brief Strategic Family Therapy versus Treatment as Usual: Extended Follow Up for Drug Using Adolescents - BSFT GO ARRA
- Early Intervention for Minors in Possession of Alcohol/Drugs: A Feasibility Study
- Process and Outcome Analysis of Group Treatment for Adolescent Substance Abuse
- Adolescent Substance Abuse: Progressive Treatment
- Predictors of Change Profiles in Studies of Adolescent Substance Abusers
Understanding and Preventing Substance Use
For the past fifteen years, ORI researchers have been studying the same group of local children (now young adults) to investigate the risk and protective factors associated with the development of substance use. This study provides a unique picture of the trajectory of substance use as children develop from elementary school through adolescence and into emerging adulthood. Results suggest that drug prevention efforts should target the elementary and early middle school years, so as to change social images, intentions and willingness to use substances prior to experimentation.
- Enlisting Peer Cooperation and Prosociality in the Service of Substance Use Prevention in Middle School
- Family Transmission of Alcohol Use Disorder Risk
- Emergent Social Environments as Predictors of Recovery Resident Outcomes
- A Multidimensional Community-Based Strategy for Preventing Underage Drinking
- A Secondary Analysis of Functional Family Therapy in a Juvenile Justice Setting
- Oregon's Coordinated Care Organizations Integrate Care for Drug Use Disorders
- Secondary Analysis of Functional Family Therapy in a Child Welfare Organization
- Development, Ecology, and Prevention of Adult Addictive Behavior
- Early Family Prevention of Adolescent Alcohol Drug Use and Psychopathology
- Prevention of Substance Use in At-risk Students: A Family-centered Web Program
- Relationship Dynamics and Young Adult Drug Use and Abuse
- Natural Course and Developmental Trajectories of Alcohol Use Disorders
- Natural Course of Cannabis Use Disorders from Childhood through Early Adulthood
- Salivary Biomarkers (DNA, RNA and Cortisol), Life Stress and Nicotine Dependence
Reducing or Eliminating Tobacco Use
ORI scientists are internationally recognized for their pioneering studies of tobacco use and its prevention and cessation. ORI scientists have conducted ground-breaking work in both smoking and smokeless (spit) tobacco cessation. ORI researchers were the first to use the principles of behavior change in studying tobacco prevention and cessation, and have made significant contributions to Institute of Medicine and U.S. Surgeon General's reports on smoking.
- Perceptions, Initiation, and Use of E-cigarettes Among Middle School Students: A New Generation of Tobacco Users?
- Evaluating New Nicotine Standards for Cigarettes-Project 2
- Web and Mobile Smoking Cessation Intervention
- A Multi-Media Approach to Partner Support in Smokeless Tobacco Cessation
- Novel Determinants and Measures of Smokeless Tobacco Use
- Developing a Decision Support System to Promote Tobacco Counseling by Dentists
- Evaluation of Oral Tobacco as a Harm Reduction Method for Smokers